The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) announced on May 13 the availability of $102 million in FY 2011 funding for up to 75 Community Transformation Grants authorized by sections 4002 and 4201 of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). State and local governments will be eligible to compete for these grants. The grants will be awarded through HHS’ Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The grants are intended to spur evidence-based intervention strategies to reduce the incidence rates of chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. The grant opportunity announcement points out that 75 percent of the $2 trillion in annual US health spending, and 70 percent of US deaths, are the result of chronic diseases in which tobacco use, obesity, poor diets, and physical inactivity are often contributing factors. Electronic applications will be due on July 15; notices of intent are due June 6. CDC will announce grant awards in late summer. Grants may be extended to a five year period, during which up to $900 million could be available.